An annual examination is an important part of a woman’s routine health care. At this visit the doctor will perform a pelvic exam, breast exam and collect a sampling of the cells on your cervix called a pap smear. A pap smear is important because it can detect early signs of precancerous changes that may lead to the development of cervical cancer. Cancer of the cervix can be prevented with early detection and treatment. When you doctor performs a breast exam, he or she is checking for changes or abnormalities in the breast that may indicate further diagnostic testing needs to be performed such as a mammogram. Women should also perform a monthly self breast exam which is an essential part of helping to reduce the risk of breast cancer.
With endometriosis, tissue like that which lines the uterus is found outside the womb.
Inflammation and shedding of the endometrium occur with mensus. However, since the edometrium located outside of the uterus has no way to exit the body, formation of scar tissue results.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
PCOS is a hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age, and is a leading cause of infertility. The principal features are lack of regular ovulation and excessive amounts or effects of androgenic hormones. The symptoms and severity of the syndrome vary greatly between women.
Uterine fibroids are nodules of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue that develop within the wall of the uterus. They may grow as a single nodule or in clusters and may range in size from 1 mm to more than 20 cm (8 inches) in diameter. It is very rare for a fibroid to become malignant.