Uterine health is an important part of your overall well-being. Uterine fibroids are a condition that should be treated as soon as possible to avoid lasting health effects. They are fibrous, non-cancerous growths that develop on the uterus, potentially affecting fertility and causing pain. Read more to learn about the current treatment methods available for fibroids.
What Types of Uterine Fibroids Are There?
Uterine fibroids can occur in different parts of the uterus. These are considered different types of fibroids and are named accordingly. Growths that occur on the outside of the uterus and have stalks are called pedunculated. Subserosal growths are on the outside of the uterus, affecting the serosal lining. Intramural growths start on the inside of the uterine muscle wall. Submucosal growths occur inside the uterus in the endometrial lining.
What Causes of Fibroids?
Scientists believe that hormone production is the main cause of uterine fibroids. Estrogen and progesterone cause these uterine growths and most treatments aim to control hormone production and reduce the chances of new growths or stop the development of existing fibroids. Genetics also play an important role in causing fibroids. Some people are more prone to fibroid growth than others. African American women are more likely than women of other races to face uterine fibroids.
What Are The Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids?
Fibroid symptoms are tied most closely to the menstrual cycle and pain in the abdominal area. They can cause intense bleeding and increased pain during menstruation and even infertility. If fibroids are left untreated, they can grow larger and affect the structure of the uterus, causing lasting damage. They can cause lower back pain and pelvic pain or a feeling of pressure in the pelvic area. Fibroids can also make intercourse painful and lead to difficulty voiding the bladder. They can affect the bowels, causing constipation or diarrhea. They may also lead to blood clots in the legs or the pelvic area. The symptoms are serious and can cause discomfort, inconvenience, and pain.
What are the Treatment Options Available for Fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are treated depending on their size and severity. Some fibroids can be treated simply with hormone therapy without surgery. Birth control and hormone-releasing intrauterine devices can help reduce fibroid pain or the bleeding that comes as a symptom of fibroids. When surgical intervention is necessary, myomectomy is an option that leaves the uterus intact. It targets the growths themselves and leaves the possibility of bearing children open. However, new growth may occur. A hysterectomy removes the uterus entirely and is usually done when the fibroids are large and other options aren’t viable.
Contact Peoria Women’s Health today to get more information on the health services offered for dealing with uterine fibroids and other issues.